#17 Is vegan food right for your dog or cat?

Dr. Marybeth Minter shares a case with us, a dog I’ve heard about over the years, long suffering with horrible allergic skin disease. Kali, the middle aged Border Collie had lost all her coat, had open sores, was regularly plagued with fleas, and Chrystal, her owner had tried everything without success.

Kali was on various raw food diets, healthy supplements, and had been prescribed for by two other well qualified homeopathic vets in the past without much improvement. When Dr. Minter was called upon, in addition to using the constitutional prescribing approach, she suggested that toxins might be playing a role and recommended a radical diet change: a plant based diet, based on recipes from Dr. Richard Pitcairn.

Chrystal rolled up her sleeves and began feeding Kali this way, thinking she had nothing to lose: she’s tried everything else and her poor dog had suffered long enough!

Tune in to hear what this radical idea has resulted in. Regardless of your views on “right vs wrong” feeding, this is worth your time.

Pictures: worth 1000’s of words

Here’s Kali as she appeared “before,” in Jan 2019:

Horrible skin disease, before

and here’s Kali in her “after shot,” October 2020:

Normal, healthy skin and ears

Your comments are welcome below, as always.

Links for this episode

Contact Dr. Marybeth Minter
Two vegan brands mentioned: V-Dog and WildEarth
Two books Dr. Minter recommends:
Dr. Pitcairn’s 4th edition The Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs and Cats
Jan Allegretti, D.Vet.Hom, The Complete Holistic Dog Book

Want to detox your dog without a radical diet change? My sister company, Vital Pet Health, has you covered:
Vital Animal Detox, made with safe, effective 100% natural ingredients.

Thanks for listening!

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Announcer 0:12
If you want a wildly healthy, naturally disease-resistant pet, who turns heads and starts conversations with awestruck onlookers, you're right where you belong. This is the Vital Animal Podcast with your host, homeopathic veterinarian, Dr. Will Falconer.

Will Falconer, DVM 0:36
Welcome, everyone. We are on Episode 16 today of the Vital Animal Podcast. And it's my pleasure to welcome my colleague and fellow homeopathic vet, Dr. Marybeth Minter. Welcome, Marybeth.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 0:50
Hi, Will.

Will Falconer, DVM 0:51
Good to have you here.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 0:53
Yeah, thank you. Thank you for having me on.

Will Falconer, DVM 0:55
I invited you here to talk about something that's kind of a bit controversial, only because you've had recent experience with it. But before we talk about vegan food and vegetarian food for these dogs, in case my listeners haven't met you yet, tell us a little bit about your background and your practice, Marybeth.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 1:15
Like both of us, we went to regular vet school, and I graduated from Colorado State in 1987. I did the conventional path for some time and then sort of hit my wall, and I don't know if I really understood it, but I just didn't like what was going on and one thing to another, you know, I changed locations, explored. I started out with going to some holistic—well, acupuncture training first, and then Dr. Pitcairn, Richard Pitcairn's course came up. It was not too far from me. I lived in Wyoming at the time, so I just drove. And so, luckily, that course was in Boulder that year, 2003. And when I went to the course, I felt really like I was home here, and that's where I wanted to go. And then later down the road, I mean, I kind of knew it in my family background, but my grandfather and other male relatives had been homeopathic MDs in Pennsylvania.

Will Falconer, DVM 2:23

Marybeth Minter, DVM 2:24

Will Falconer, DVM 2:24

Marybeth Minter, DVM 2:25
Even though I didn't know really anything about their practices, my mother, who didn't really know much about his practice, but... I ended up eventually with some of his remedies, and his doctor's case, and there was more of a history there. It's really kind of cool. So, once it finally hit me, I was like, "Oh, my god, this is something deeper." And so, I just hope I can carry it forward in a good way and with integrity. So, that was neat. And so then, it just felt like that's what I wanted to really study and focus on. So, one thing to another, I've moved locales, I'm in Arizona now. But anyway, that's where that started.

Will Falconer, DVM 3:09
Beautiful. What an interesting history. Who would have guessed you had a grandfather as a homeopath? And just for our listeners who don't know this, homeopathy was big in the day, it was the primary medicine. We had homeopathic hospitals. Pennsylvania was a hotbed of homeopathy.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 3:25
He went to the Hahnemann medical school in Philadelphia, which is still there, but they don't teach homeopathy.

Will Falconer, DVM 3:34
That's really cool. And I brought you on today because we've both had these reservations over the years, kind of coming up through, how do we feed these animals we're taking care of? Now we're looking at it from a broader perspective, a holistic and especially a homeopathic perspective. And this vegan diet came on the scene some years back, and both of us, probably, I think, I don't want to speak for you too much, but I certainly went, well, wait a minute now. We've got dogs who have evolved from wolves. And they've got these teeth that are made for pulling flesh from bones and cutting flesh in the molars. And cats are obligate carnivores, we call them, and yet people are out there saying, "Well, we've got a vegan diet, and there may be some merit to it." And so, I got you on because you had an experience recently that helped shift your thinking about it and made me much more curious to explore this diet in pretty specific cases. So, would you share a bit about this? We've gotten permission from your client Crystal to share a bit about her story. Would you tell us?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 4:46
Right. Well, my shift, Will, came when Dr. Pitcairn and Susan Pitcairn and others had been working on looking at this, and certainly, then I met other practitioners that had been working with plant-based diets for maybe years, but it wasn't, of course, very well-known. And so, that sort of was a stepping stone for me. I was very interested in it, I approached it mainly very concerned about sustainability of our food supply and also ethical. But also realizing that a lot of how our animal products, our meat, our agriculture is, the predominant amount of our meat comes from factory farms or CAFO animals, caged animal feeding operations. And that hasn't been easy for the guardians of dogs and cats to get really decent meat. And so, that's where I really looked at it and also started to realize that, especially dogs are very malleable in how they can adapt. So, I really, really looked into this. I had been very much on the recommending raw meat diets for a long time. And when I was in Wyoming, there was a store there that really started out with a lot of grain-free, and they brought in the frozen, raw diet. And that was sort of really going on. I later, looking back, had problems with it. And so, I started to have to really examine this. And then as I kind of evolved in my homeopathic practice, and also being around the chance to kind of go through a lot of this thought process with others, I really started to look at this seriously. And also, I made changes in my own diet for lots of reasons. And along with that, but this also realizing studying about how, yes, as we know, our dogs share at least 99-point point percent of the genetic code, just the evolution of dogs, to understand them, how malleable they've been through the ages, through thousands of years of domestication that have followed people. So, they're really very distant in their sort of phenotypical, or, you know, how they've kind of come along, and it just shows how quickly they can change. I mean, when we look at how the different breeds are, how very different they are from wolves. I mean, really, what about a pug is like a wolf? Even their facial structure is different. So, I just felt like learning about this and seeing that many of the canine species are very much more scavengers. And that cats are kind of another topic, they definitely are very much more obligate carnivorous. But sticking with dogs, I started looking at that and you know, working with my own recently adopted new being, in my life I had gone through also, my really wonderful dog from the past, I looked back at her diet and where I made mistakes, and I felt like a lot of her end times could have been... Anyway, it made me really think about the progression of chronic disease and obstacles to cure, as we know that term in homeopathy, where hygiene or diet is very really important. But I think the thing that really grabbed me was that our animal food supply is really just not healthy. Some of it is, if you can make those selections, and you can have that privilege to have the organically-raised meats and dairy and things like that. But just really, what hit home was more the accumulation of contaminations. We understand the term bioaccumulation, from one level of eating the food, and then a lot in these animals, especially, that are raised this way, it's not a natural food for them to be pushed to produce like this. So, you're getting also all of the chemicals and pesticides and drugs and antibiotics that are going in, it's going in, it's accumulating in the end product, which is the flesh and the bone, and it's accumulating there. So, that was the thing that really made sense to me. And then, there has been testing and things like that to find, especially when it came to fish coming from the sea, the radiation, the heavy metals—that could explain a lot of the problems we're seeing with... Besides all the cats' vaccinations and not having really good, fresh food, they get a lot of fish in their diet. So are lot of the foods now for dogs, they're white fish or they're salmon, but we know that salmon is farm-raised now and they're getting... How they're feeding them and all this. So, it seemed that people could understand that. And that's where that started. So, I'm sorry, I kind of deviated there. You had asked about working with this one patient.

Will Falconer, DVM 9:35
Yeah, that's okay. So, there was an evolution, it sounds like, even before Crystal came along with her dog.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 9:40
Yes, there was. And so, when she did come along, and she was a referral from another one of our really good colleagues and she had been through work with some other of our homeopath colleagues that we know, very good prescriptions for this dog. They were really working classically, doing things. And so, when I met Crystal, she also really felt like somehow the diet, something had to go there. And so, her dog Callie had been, to her best of her knowledge, she had been trying to feed raw meat and homemade and things like that. She lives in a neat area that she can grow, I mean, she's on some land and she has the ability to have chickens and things like that, that she can control how these animals are raised, but the rest of it was too hard. And so, the diet, the food that the dog was on at that point was mostly chicken, raw chicken, that came from a local, I think it was a packing house, and we kind of traced it back together. And these chickens were coming from CAFOs, caged animal feeding operations, like most chicken is in the United States now. But anyway, so back to that, Callie was really struggling. Crystal tried her best to get her away from vaccines and chemical treatments for ectoparasites. But where she lived, it was very difficult. The dog was very susceptible, struggled with that for a long time. And every time she gave her a chemical, she'd get really sick. So, she was really in a bad spot. And I felt like this Callie was just very...

Will Falconer, DVM 11:18
In what way? What was she sick with?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 11:21
She had very, very severe skin problems. Very, very inflamed. She struggled with itching, hair loss, oozing sores. You know, she had gone through different periods of things. She was underweight, she wasn't eating well, she was very stiff and sore, just like rampant inflammation. And she was also, I just felt like, just toxic from everything that she just couldn't detox or get through. So, that was sort of the change, that hadn't been addressed. So, I said, "Are you willing to make a change, to look at this? This is where I've had success with other patients." I've learned feeding my own dog this way for a few years, and encountering the problems, the obstacles that people usually ask. They think, "Well, how could this be right?" But she was willing to make the change. She started off with, she was making homemade food using Dr. Pitcairn's recipes and others. And that was great. I mean, a lot of the things that we encounter, we want fresh food and homemade is always the best, whether it's raw or a mixture of that. So, she was willing to make that change and I give her credit for her courage for that. And so, on we went, and it took a while.

Will Falconer, DVM 12:39
And let's just get a sense, Marybeth, I often put itchy dogs on a scale of 1 to 10. I don't know if you do this in your practice.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 12:46

Will Falconer, DVM 12:47
Ten is like non-stop, they can't sleep, they can't walk out the door and go for a walk without stopping to scratch, and one is normal, they're not paying attention to their skin at all. So, Callie's an 11-year-old Border Collie, for our listeners. And she's living in Texas, I think, right? And where was she on that itch scale when you came to her case after she'd already seen a couple of homeopathic vets before you?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 13:13
Well, it would vary depending on what was, she had other symptoms, too. Like I said, she wasn't eating the food well. But I'd say her itch was... I mean, you know, it doesn't always sustain that, but she also just had a lot of lesions, open skin. Let's say, I'd put her eight to nine at that time.

Will Falconer, DVM 13:36
Quite high.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 13:38
Yeah. And then, as we progressed later on, we did determine, as she got stronger, plus with prescribing... I mean, I kind of had to do it at the same time.

Will Falconer, DVM 13:50

Marybeth Minter, DVM 13:50
So, it was two things. But as her lifeforce got stronger and she could kind of more exteriorize it, and she sort of acted like she felt better and eating better, she did develop that we definitely were dealing with some fleas and some tapeworms. Even though she had been wormed with chemicals, all this stuff, she still had them, so she was really struggling with that susceptibility. Eventually, just as she gained momentum, she ate way better, she gained strength, she was able to force it out.

Will Falconer, DVM 14:24
So, let's talk about the changes. From when you came on the case, you started prescribing homeopathically, and then at a certain point you said, "Let's also change diet." And what did that look like?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 14:35
What we did was, Will, we started pretty much with diet right away.

Will Falconer, DVM 14:41

Marybeth Minter, DVM 14:42
She stopped—she had also been on some canned fish. She had some beef. So, she kind of did it gradually. She did kind of maintain feeding some beef for a while, but she took off on a few of the recipes, just started her, just jumped in, got her hands wet, literally, and she was really good in the kitchen. Got to give her a lot of credit.

Will Falconer, DVM 15:04
And these recipes are vegetarian or vegan?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 15:07
Mm hmm. They're in the fourth edition of Dr. Pitcairn's book.

Will Falconer, DVM 15:11

Marybeth Minter, DVM 15:12
And, I sort of went through how to work with this, how to do substitutions if you don't have all the things exactly in there. So, she did that and sort of gradually did it. She was still feeding some eggs and dairy. But eventually, she started to see a problem. She wasn't doing that great with dairy. So, we pulled her off of that. But she had also started to gain some weight. It took a while, took some months, because she was really sick. And it was hard. And she went through some times where she'd have some really bad discharges of pus and ears were bad. But probably in two to three months, she... I mean, she was starting to feel better. But just that exterior was just really dramatic. And she was so...

Will Falconer, DVM 16:02
She's the kind of dog who, if she was out for a walk, and a neighbor saw her, they'd be appalled, right, at her appearance?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 16:08
Sure. I mean, the people that did come to visit... And then, she also didn't have much hair, and so, it was dramatic. She had red sores, and it was hard on Crystal to show that. I mean, sure. And she also was, mentally she'd get very grumpy and irritated, understandably. So, that went on. So, we hit probably four or five months and finally some hair, even before that, I think, her hair was starting to come in and there was less of an expression of the sores. But then about that summer, so that was probably four or five months into it, really realized that she was very sensitive to the flea bites, and so we had to do some lemon water sprays, I think we came up for some other things, and then did go through a period where followed the whole kind of protocol to help with the tapeworms, so she would do a fast one day and then do a lot of ground pumpkin seeds and some wheat germ oil. And I think she did some diatomaceous earth here and there. And then sometimes when her skin would get worse, she would all of a sudden then dump a bunch of tapeworms. So, she was getting the parasites out. So, it was quite a process. And then I got to see her, I got to meet Callie and Crystal maybe 10 months later and she was in a lot, lot better space. I mean, she's not cured yet. We're into this over almost two years. But she's made a lot of progress. And we know as homeopaths how difficult these cases can be. We want to pull our hair out with it, because they are so... And it's hard on the client, it's hard on the patient, it's hard on us because they will still itch. And so, finally, she looks like a normal dog.

Will Falconer, DVM 17:57
Wow. Amazing.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 17:58
With some, you know, she has some variations. She's got a hair coat.

Will Falconer, DVM 18:01
Yeah. And the ears settled down?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 18:03
Ears settled down. She feels better. She's less stiff. She's mentally a lot better. She gained weight. She's normal weight.

Will Falconer, DVM 18:10
Oh, beautiful. Beautiful. So, where is she on the itch scale now, after two years of work, you think?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 18:16
Well, recently, I think she still reacts. I know that despite how good Crystal is about watching the fleas, I think she still reacts for a flea bite here and there. But she's probably, and Crystal can write in on this later, I'd say she's probably... She goes through times where she's worse. So, I'd say three. I don't know, three to four. It's still, you know, depending on the season too, and we also did learn too that when she would dump tapeworms, she would get more itchy and grumpy and stuff like that. It's really quite a process to see, like how long an animal can deal with this. But it took some time for her to build that chi or life force that we talk about with homeopathy, as well, and for detox.

Will Falconer, DVM 19:07
So, I think this is illustrative of something that I haven't really covered on the show. And you and I studied it and learned it in homeopathy training, which is, it takes time to cure anything chronic, right? We go into it knowing that and as animal owners come to us, they often want an answer right now, because, "Damn, I've been fighting this itch for five years." So, how long had Callie been dealing with skin issues?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 19:38
I'd have to look right up. But I'd say years.

Will Falconer, DVM 19:41
Yeah, it's been years.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 19:42
I mean, longer than we've been working together. Yeah. And she did have conventional treatment as much as... I mean, Crystal was learning, too. She did what she could because she was desperate. Like all of us are. And I understand. So, I mean, I get why clients get frustrated when sometimes we're at a, you know, hit the wall and we don't... I can see why people want to go back on steroids. But we know that it suppresses their immune system. And that's not the end. But it's hard, a lot of times, and there's still that inflammation. And so, I also felt that her diet helped change and helped calm down that inflammatory potential. And I often see this in other situations of chronic disease as well. It does help. And especially, I mean, I think a lot of it is about them just getting less toxic, you know, with that, and along with the feeding and the recipes, she did choose, the best that she could, organic foods and grains and lentil beans, and whatever the recipes call for, she learned how to really work with it. But she tried her best to have organic, or she was very conscious of that. And we all, you know, now with our food supplies, you can't really tell sometimes, so...

Will Falconer, DVM 20:55

Marybeth Minter, DVM 20:55
But because of the bioaccumulation, how that works, at least, there's probably less levels of it.

Will Falconer, DVM 21:02
Yes, yes. So, bioaccumulation, let's just give a little definition of that. So, if a cow is eating toxic grain in a CAFO, a concentrated animal feeding operation, how the grain was grown, then how the animal was treated who's eating the grain, and then finally the dog comes along and eats the level of accumulated toxins that is up the food chain. So, we talk about apex predators, right, that's how the eagles got into such trouble when DDT was on the planet. They were eating the animals who ate the smaller animals who ate the grain and got contaminated with DDT and the bald eagles could no longer make an egg anymore because of their accumulation. So, let's go into the diet briefly. You don't have to lay it all out. But I'm understanding that there's commercial vegan food on the market. And then there's Dr. Pitcairn's recipes. And it sounds like Crystal opted to use the recipes.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 22:03
Yes, she did. And then, she also later did delve into some of the commercial, just for convenience. And also, just wanted to maybe go back a bit about that bioaccumulation. Chicken that Callie was on, which was predominantly at the time, as you know, chickens are very confined and they're given lots of pesticides to control...

Will Falconer, DVM 22:27
Oh, they're fed antibiotics.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 22:28
Right, and antibiotics. But they're fed also types of pesticides that have arsenic in them, you know, kind of like the basis of our heartworm meds, the old heartworm, I mean, the treatment for heartworm, like that kind of level. So, I have no doubt that she was probably getting quite a bit of arsenic in her, so that was just a thing that made me think about just how that accumulates, as well.

Will Falconer, DVM 22:53
Uh huh. Let me just interject something here. If you're not on the same page with feeding a vegan diet to a dog or a cat, I understand. I'm on the fence about it myself. But it's important to understand the impetus behind that recommendation from Dr. Pitcairn and others. It is this: that we are often intoxicated by the foods that we are eating and/or feeding our pets, right? So, they're grown in very toxic ways by Big Ag. And unless you find a way around that, the odds of you getting pesticide and herbicide residues and/or glyphosate, a.k.a. Roundup, in your dog's food is fairly high. So, the reason to go to plant-based is to avoid that. Well, there's another way. We at Vital Pet Health, my sister company, have what's called Vital Animal Detox, which is a very gentle but very effective daily detox for, right now, dogs. Cats coming soon. And I can tell you from personal experience that I've taken a human version of this, one day we'll release that after we have the animals covered. And in just a couple weeks have noticed startling changes in my own body, much less stiffness, much more energy, less signs of toxicity through an Ayurvedic procedure that I use every morning. So, it's been very positive and I'm sure it will be for your animals as well. So, right now you can get the dog version of Vital Animal Detox at vitalpethealth.com. And if you're not on board with changing the diet radically, that is another way to affect the same outcome. Detoxing on a regular basis, keeping the machinery of your animal's physiology working at peak capacity. That's vitalpethealth.com.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 25:07
So, when she started out, yes, she used those recipes, we went over just how to do substitutions if you didn't have the exact—sort of like you swap out a grain for a grain and a legume for a legume—and also to really mash and cook things well, so that the dog can digest them well. And as she got stronger, she did, I mean, she never had any digestive problems, really. Dogs eating plant-based will have, there's more fiber, so they will have more stool a lot of times and that's part of their detox, but I also have to help people with that and say, "No, that's normal." If you're having trouble and they're having diarrhea, we need to dial it back and think about maybe adding some digestive enzymes or how to work with that. So, anyway, so Crystal started with that. And then later on, we kind of looked into, there are some commercial, there are some kibble that I do say that's fine to use. And also, there are some canned available. I don't know if I should say brands on the recording.

Will Falconer, DVM 26:05
Yeah, if you've done the homework and settled on something that you're happy with, I'd like to hear.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 26:10
Right. I mean, I think, because there is more interest in this from the client, and there have been some more start-up companies addressing plant-based and how to do it, because people are seeing the results, and also, they're concerned about the environment, and also the dogs can do well on it. The one that I recommend a lot is v-dog.

Will Falconer, DVM 26:33

Marybeth Minter, DVM 26:34
And that one's been around a long time. There's a newer company that started up called Wild Earth.

Will Falconer, DVM 26:40

Marybeth Minter, DVM 26:41
People can look those up online. They also make some really nice treats and things. You know, their webpages are nice, there's a lot of information on them. Of course, it'll be more plant-based and those things. As far as the canned, there are a few out there, they've been around for a while. Some of them are, you know, definitely they have some eggs in them and things like that. So, they're vegetarian. One company, PetGuard, makes really nice vegan and vegetarian, but their production has been slowed down for some reason, I can't seem to get it. So, sometimes it's harder. People do have to shop online to get the foods because they may not be in their local pet food store. You know, usually that's not so locally available.

Will Falconer, DVM 27:25
Understandably. Sure, sure. And I think we should also mention that Callie never went completely vegan, I don't think, right? She had a good source of eggs on her farm.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 27:35
She has eggs. Yeah, right. And there would be times when she did, but she pretty much... And there was also, like any diet, there was ways to supplement correctly. Because you know, even with a meat diet, you have to add in appropriate amounts of calcium, because muscle meat is very low in calcium, you have to get—if you're doing ground bone, you really have to do that correctly. Sometimes it's not very assimilable. So, definitely that was instructed on how to do that.

Will Falconer, DVM 28:02
Uh-huh. Yeah, that's a good point I hadn't even thought of. So, bones, a little bit of inside info I've heard just on the on the fly, is that bones are probably a great accumulator for glyphosate, this Roundup.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 28:15
And heavy metal.

Will Falconer, DVM 28:16
And heavy metal. Right, right. So, what do people do for calcium sources? Are they giving the rock phosphates?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 28:24
I can't recall exactly. The one that's recommended is, I think, calcium carbonate. So, yeah. And there's arguments about that, whether it's appropriate or not, but there are some other calcium supplements out there.

Will Falconer, DVM 28:40
C calcium?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 28:41
C calcium, yeah, you can work with that, like through Animal Apothecary, you probably know that company. That one's been in the recipes for a while as well. The recent one that has been recommended is by Compassion Circle, they make a line of complete, everything's in there. And then how to do it.

Will Falconer, DVM 29:01
Okay. They'll tell you how to make your own calcium, you're saying? Or it's the...

Marybeth Minter, DVM 29:04
Well, the supplement, you order that and everything's complete. So, you don't have to keep doing a lot of doing it yourself, mixing. So, trying to simplify. And that's another thing that's kind of a hard thing for people. It can be overwhelming if it's a time thing or you're not in the kitchen. So, that's why I do try to recommend the commercial, and I think using some kibble, especially when it's lower on the food chain, the dogs seem to do very well with it and they like it.

Will Falconer, DVM 29:35
Huh. Interesting.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 29:36
So, I don't have that issue with that kind of kibble.

Will Falconer, DVM 29:39
Yeah, yeah. So, very interesting, and just to review, this is a dog who's probably been suffering for a bit more than five years, and probably more like six or eight, I'm guessing. Probably from middle age. Dog's now eleven...

Marybeth Minter, DVM 29:56
Even earlier, probably. She's had some issues, yeah.

Will Falconer, DVM 29:58
Yeah, maybe even earlier. Yeah. And likely, like most, triggered by vaccines early in life, I suspect, and we see this over and over again. So, years of struggle, years of homeopathic work with good prescribing, you saw what the colleagues before you did, and they weren't getting good success. It seemed like Callie's case turned around with a combination of yet another set of eyes prescribing, another mind prescribing, but also a switch to a low on the food chain vegetarian diet. And the only real protein source being vegetarian and eggs that Crystal had in her—raising the chickens herself. So, she had some control in that. So, that's very interesting, Marybeth, and it's why I wanted to get you on. I've mentally had a block about vegetarian diets for dogs for years, and especially vegan diets just never made sense to me. And yet, I'm thinking, from what you've told us, that there's a place for this. And that place, may be a preventative for some people, they may choose to do it from an early stage of life. What's your sense of, if somebody came into the world as a vegan themselves and said, "I want to start this puppy out, and never feed any animal products"? What's your sense of that? Is that gonna work?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 31:29
Yeah, I have a few clients like that now. And they're working with it, and a lot of the times, puppies have already come on a commercial food anyway, but they're working on learning how to transition and watch things that maybe needed rest, like when our chronic disease comes up. Course, they're getting probably vaccinated at the same time. So, yeah, they sure can do it. And I think there's also, we all have our belief systems about foods. I mean, I've had to dispel a lot of mine, and I'm still learning. You know, tell you.

Will Falconer, DVM 32:05
Food's one of our biggest attachments, there's no question about it.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 32:07
It sure is and it's a hard one, you know? And I try to be very understanding of people's understanding of it, because that's how we all grew up. You know, how were we raised.

Will Falconer, DVM 32:19
Food choices.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 32:20
Yeah, right. And a lot of times with a kid, you don't have choices, this is what you're going to eat. Right? And then there's certainly understanding, like, this is what you feed a dog. And I understand that, and I guess what helps me and I try to explore that with people, is just to understand that they're very adaptable. They're really omnivores, like we are. I mean, I watch the coyotes that are barking in the background, they'll eat plums that come off my trees, and I have a fig tree and they go eat that and get up in the tree to get them and then, they'll get...

Will Falconer, DVM 32:52

Marybeth Minter, DVM 32:52
Yeah. And they'll get the occasional gopher and the meat, and the wild... Unfortunately, the cat that goes down. There's a lot of coyotes here. So, but it's been interesting to watch. And then you look at the scat, and they're eating juniper berries, and manzanita berries, and whatever they can get.

Will Falconer, DVM 33:10
Uh huh.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 33:10
But I think dogs have come along, and they really can change and do very well. I mean, definitely the ones that have some digestive issues, you have to work with that, or they're already damaged that way.

Will Falconer, DVM 33:21

Marybeth Minter, DVM 33:22
Like, any food would be for them.

Will Falconer, DVM 33:24
Yeah, yeah. And we're definitely having some cat people listening. So, what do you think about applying this same logic to cats?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 33:32
Cats are, like we said, they're really more carnivorous. They can very much eat plant-based. I have a few clients that started their cats as very young. But as we all know, when cats get sick or older, and then they have a condition, their appetite isn't very good often, and that's where you run into trouble. A lot of their appetites are affected. They go by smell, they don't have many taste buds. So, they're going by that smell, but there are ways to work with that. And so, what I also tell people, it can be very difficult. I mean, I have to work with them to help them feel better to eat. But they try to first get them away from fish-based foods because I feel like that's the most contaminated. And why are we seeing so much hyperthyroidism and, you know, there's radiation issues and they're so sensitive with chemicals. I mean, dogs are too, but I think cats almost get hyper with their expressions of chronic disease. And they don't show how sick they really are sometimes, and they develop tumors and...

Will Falconer, DVM 34:42
Right, right.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 34:43
But they're harder to change over because of that. But they can be very much. I have a couple clients that are, they feed their kitty, they're plant-based, they're all plant-based.

Will Falconer, DVM 34:55

Marybeth Minter, DVM 34:55
Mm-hmm. Yeah.

Will Falconer, DVM 34:57
And doing well?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 34:58
Yep, they're younger cats, and they started off early.

Will Falconer, DVM 35:02
Uh-huh. Wow. Wow. So, that's yet another stretch for my mind.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 35:07
Yeah. It's a stretch, and you know, they can do better, again, I kind of like to say, lower on the food chain. They can do better eating lower on the food chain.

Will Falconer, DVM 35:15
Yeah, yeah. Interesting. So, do you think a cat, maybe you haven't seen any yet having done this a number of years, X number of years, do you think a cat could go from kittenhood to old age on a vegan diet?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 35:28
I suppose it could be possible. I don't have that experience. I know that there are some in the literature. I don't have any personal experience with that. Yeah.

Will Falconer, DVM 35:39
Okay. Good to know. Well, thanks Marybeth, we talked a little bit about reservations and food. We all grew up with eating certain diets, and we have strong feelings about food. This will likely spur conversations in a lot of people's minds. And I particularly wanted to hear about it from you because of your experience with it. And Callie, I think, could typify a number of animals who are stuck with chronic disease and maybe they're getting lots of good homeopathic prescribing, but they're not progressing. It might be a time to consider going lower on the food chain to the point of getting vegan involved or maybe vegan with, like Crystal did, with some healthy protein that she has control over—in her case, it's raising her own chickens and getting her eggs—as a means to take away that block to getting to cure. So, we've got other episodes for you to listen to if this trips your triggers too much. You'll want to listen to Thomas Sandberg, who's the naturopath, who's seeing great results with animals living to surprisingly old age with nothing but grocery store meats as the basis of their diets. So, we're all on a spectrum, right? We all are trying with the same intent. We want our animals to be healthy. We, as vets, want to help you get your animals healthy. And yet, I think we need to keep an open mind that there is more than one way to do that.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 37:14
Yeah, and you have to look at the patient, think about the situation and... Lots to work with.

Will Falconer, DVM 37:22
Yeah, lots to think about. And the two primary things we'll often work with as homeopathic vets are homeopathic prescribing, and what's this animal eating, right? Because we can't do good work if they're eating junk. And the one that comes up for me, even before diet changes, is we have to stop vaccinating if they've got a history of vaccines and they're likely immune. Right? Would you go along with that?

Marybeth Minter, DVM 37:48
Oh, yeah. I mean, yes, it's such a damaging thing to their immune system and a trigger for their inflammatory problems. I mean, but other things in the environment can be and so can diet.

Will Falconer, DVM 37:59
Yes, yes. All right. Well, we'll wrap up. Thanks very much, Marybeth, we'll have your contact info in the show notes. We'll have any links that you want to send me to help people find the foods that you've mentioned. And I very much applaud your pioneering work and both stepping out of the norms of diet that are so well accepted and being the homeopathic vet that you've been for years. Thanks so much for coming on.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 38:29
Thanks, Will, I just also want to say, too, that I'm not the first one doing this either, but I've learned from the shoulders of others. So...

Will Falconer, DVM 38:37
Sure, sure. And I often think to myself, you know, there's nothing new under the sun, right? So, we're not often the inventors of something. We are learning from others and others have gone before us and shared their successes with us. So, good to be open-minded. Thanks again, Marybeth, we'll talk to you soon.

Marybeth Minter, DVM 38:59
Thanks, Will.

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  1. Darlene Bernier on December 22, 2020 at 1:23 pm

    I love the approach you have taken to this very controversial subject.

    Since I am vegan, mostly because of ethics, (I cannot kill an animal to eat, nor would I want someone else to do it for me), I have always hated that i still have to buy it for my dogs & cats.

    Over a decade ago, I asked my integrative vet if she had any clients who fed their dogs vegan or vegetarian diets and if so, how did that go. She said not too well, as the dogs had problems and it was a constant effort to feed them what they need and keep them strong and healthy. I never went into any detail with her about it, I just accepted that I didn’t want to go there and cause illness to my animals just because of my ethics which could not support their needs.

    So I especially was interested in hearing this podcast.

    I currently have a 13 yr old (approx.) mixed breed dog that has been on a raw food diet since I adopted her 6 years ago. She was overweight at that time, had very bad teeth, had been kept inside for about a year and a half so never got to enjoy the earth and sun and had probably been over-vaccinated and all the rest.

    She of course improved and became a happy healthy dog after dental work, put on a raw diet and raw meaty bones, all organic and wonderful (I could get these with ease in Northern CA) and exercise and social exposure. She has always had an easy personality and great to travel with.

    At 13, I think she is showing toxicity. Her ears have become inflamed and she tries to bite me if I clean them with cotton ball..uggh. I was successful in just giving her homeopathic remedy for the ears but after listening to this, I think she needs to detox! We moved to Idaho 3 years ago and I no longer have an affordable source of organic meat and bones, especially since the supply chain is disrupted. I have been feeding raw meat from the grocery store and supplying extra freeze-dried toppings and meat to fill in the gaps as well. I have never been able to get raw chicken necks here which she enjoyed so much when we lived in CA.

    So thank you for this information, I just bought Dr Pitcairn’s 4th edition book for my Kindle, so I will also check that out and will probably try your detox product.

    • Will Falconer, DVM on December 23, 2020 at 4:17 am

      I appreciate your cautious approach, Darlene. What’s right for a human might not be for a dog. That’s what has long held me back on this issue.

      I’ll just mention that, while diet changes can make a difference, I’ve found a certain percentage of animals that still need more. That’s where skilled homeopathic prescribing excels. It doesn’t matter where you live, either, as many of my colleagues work by telephone. If/when you decide you might want to add this to your care regimen, I’ve outlined a way to sort out the most likely vets to help you reach cure, a magical place of “all’s well” without needing to continue medicines.

      There’s a video on my Rec’d Resources page, at the AVH listing that explains how to choose a qualified homeopathic vet. I wish you the best and applaud your dedication to your companion’s health.

      • Darlene Bernier on December 23, 2020 at 1:26 pm

        Thank you, Dr Falconer
        I will be checking this out.

  2. Susan Echelman on December 22, 2020 at 12:08 pm

    Thank you so much for sharing this podcast of your interview with Mary Beth’s experience working with Cali. I’ve already been working on transitioning my 2 dogs to a homemade plant based diet after having fed them commercially prepared frozen and freeze dried raw for the last 6 years. I particularly appreciate learning about the calcium supplement which I think I’ll purchase from “Compassionate Circle”. I’ve fed my 2 girls V Dog before as well as Natural Balance, Halo, and a few other commercial brand kibble dog foods. I understand that it’s lower on the food chain, but it’s still kibble, and I really want to do my very best to stick with homemade foods. I’m actually currently following a rotational diet promoted in a Facebook group hosted by Nora Lenz. This protocol consists of 1-2 fast days/week, 3-4 plant days, and 1-2 meat days. She suggests on the plant days if the person is not going to feed exclusively fruit, to feed the dogs cooked quinoa and sweet potatoes with various cooked veggies mixed in. I have to admit, I’m personally not feeding my dogs any meat, and am opting out of the fasting days because my 2 girls are little poodles who do not do well when fasting.
    I’m still in the experimental phase, so it’s too early but me to say for sure how they will do long term on this feeding program. What I can say is that Katie and Lilly absolutely love fresh fruit as well as cooked quinoa, sweet potatoes, and al kinds of veggies. They always have—even when I was feeding them a raw meat diet.
    As a matter of fact, they both literally beg for raw vegetables every time I’m in the kitchen cutting them up for myself to eat. So, I must confess that I do give them pieces of raw zucchini, cabbage, broccoli, carrots, etc—even though I recognize that dogs are not suppose to have the ability to break down the cellulose. Honestly, though, they seem to do ok with the raw veggies-at least from what I can observe.
    Anyway, I’m still learning, and like the rest of us, I only want what’s best for my girls.
    By the way, I do have a cat who I feed a frozen and freeze dried taw meat diet as well as some canned cat food. I’m just not convinced that she would thrive on vegan food., and in fact wouldn’t eat it anyway. I’m not sure how she’d do on a diet which included dairy and eggs.
    Anyway, thanks again for continuing to share thought provoking information with usI always learn so much from everything you share with us.

    • Claudia Townsend on December 22, 2020 at 9:06 pm

      I have just started the rotational diet by Nora Lenz. Ive feed home cooked for years and still have itchy dogs so I thought I would try this new approach. In just a week I’m seeing less itching an a sense of calmness in them.

      • Will Falconer, DVM on December 23, 2020 at 4:32 am

        It sounds like the approach mimics what wolves would do in the wild. Fasting and grazing when game is scarce, followed by hunting and gorging on prey before the cycle starts again. This resonates with me, as does anything that speaks to the ancestry that still very much lives in the dog, in my mind.

  3. Keiko on December 22, 2020 at 11:43 am

    Hi Dr. Falconer!
    Wow, very interesting…thank you for sharing a very different perspective. I think this interview really urges us to keep an open mind and be willing to explore various options especially when faced with a health challenge for our companion animals.

    I did adopt a very itchy dog 4 years ago. He was about 2.5 years old and had been on all the typical things. He would attract fleas and would get raw oozy skin…and itch all night. I noticed right away he was extra sensitive to chicken. I did a mixture of adjusting his food, watching him carefully, manually catching fleas, homeopathics (for itchy skin, fleas, food sensitivities, etc), and liver support. He started to improve but I think it took almost two years before he was a big fluff ball and non-reactive to most things. I agree a lot about detoxing the chemicals they were exposed to and figuring out the right diet for each specific dog.

    I have raised quite a few different breeds and mixes- and I do see different food preferences. My adopted Chihuahua can handle a lot of variety and I can totally see him ok on a vegetarian diet. He tends to prefer his food cooked, especially now that he is 17 years old 🙂 But I have a really hard time seeing my working dogs who are Great Pyrenees/Anatolian mixes on a vegan diet… they catch wild rabbits if there are any they can catch… they know not to eat my hens…but most of my working dogs are rescues and have made “mistakes” (from a human perspective) on my farm or in the past 🙂

    Whatever the case, I think it’s beautiful to be able to consider bio-individuality when considering the best foods for our companions 🙂 and definitely the well-being and sustainability of farm animals raised for food. Thank you for your many thought provoking information!

    Much Love and Gratitude 🙂

  4. Lorraine Sullivan on December 22, 2020 at 9:05 am

    I found your interview with Dr. Marybeth Minter very interesting, however, there was nothing in it that would make me consider feeding a vegan or vegetarian diet to my dogs. I am seeing other well respected vets going this route and I just cannot understand it. I had followed Dr. Richard Pitcairn for many years and read all his books and I remember when he took the jump to feeding a dog a vegan diet. Even after reading all his information on why he believed it’s a better option, I never agreed with it.
    I have heard the word “Bioaccumulation” used a lot when it comes to the promotion of vegan diets. Maybe I’m not fully understanding it because in my thoughts, the pesticides, insecticides, roundup and other toxins used to grow the crops and used to feed the livestock is how the toxins get into the meat. So actually, the ingredients being used for a vegan diet, grown with the use of these toxins are still going to get into your dogs body because the toxins originate from the plant matter. So like feeding meat, if you do not spend the time and extra money for home grown or organic plant matter then your dog is getting the same toxins in the plant matter that’s in the meat. Plus, If you feed a plant based diet, you’ll need to process it to make it bio available. Dogs don’t have the digestive amylase or flat grinding molars to break down the cell walls of plants. So you will have to cook, or pulp/puree the raw ingredients. If an animal needs to rely on a human to cook or puree food in order to get any sort of nutritional value from it, does that sound like it is something appropriate for them to eat?
    I fully understand the issues involved in attempting to get healthy meats incorporate into a raw diet. I try my best to obtain the cleanest meats I can get, meats without any additives, antibiotics, beef from grass fed cows, pasture raised chicken and eggs from local farms. And even if cannot always get the cleanest meat possible, what I can get is 100% better than any commercial dog food product. I think it’s important to stay away from any commercial made dog food regardless if you feed a vegan diet or a raw meat diet. Preparing your own diet for your dogs gives you control over the quality of the ingredients. Since I lost a beloved dog in 2007 due to the Melamine issue, I have never trusted a commercial dog food product. To find a dog food company that considers your dogs health more important than their “bottom line” is just about impossible. All their advertising, all their promises about quality ingredients, all their statements regarding the source of the ingredients doesn’t matter, the amount of profit on each bag or can of dog food is what matters to the company.
    My personal opinion is to feed a species appropriate diet (for my dogs that is meat, organs and bone) ditch the vaccines, never give chemical flea/tick products, find a natural way to protect against heartworm, stop with the prescription drugs unless it’s a matter of life and death, stop using toxic products in your home or on your property (like chemical lawn fertilizer and chemical cleaning products) and give a good supplement to detox the body…. the animals in your home will reap the rewards.

    • Will Falconer, DVM on December 22, 2020 at 9:12 am

      Sure makes sense, all the processing you’d have to do to get those veg foods digestible. Thanks for those thoughts, Lorraine. The kibble idea still sticks in my craw. Highly processed, by definition.

      • Will Falconer, DVM on December 23, 2020 at 4:27 am

        Addendum: it appears I (and my guest) were misusing the word “bioconcentration.” What we should have said instead is “biomagnification,” which is the increasing concentration of toxins the higher up the food chain the eater lives. That’s what I was referring to with the DDT and bald eagles example that I grew up with as a budding biologist.

        Wikipedia does a decent job of explaining both, for those interested.

    • Carly Stevens on December 29, 2020 at 2:38 pm

      This is my approach, too. My GSD was a rescue, we got her when she was 6 (at least) and were lucky that she was not vaccinated and not spayed. She was on a toxic diet of cheap kibble and tins. We transitioned her to raw fed, with fruit and veg (using ideas from Richard Pitcairn and Judy Morgan, I wasn’t precious about it but gave bones 2 or 3 times a week). In the first few months we had a horribly itchy dog, she also arrived with rough, greasy fur and severe behaviour issues (can a dog be ADHD?). After 3 months on her new diet her fur was like velvet. We did use homeopathy and some herbal products and eventually canine myotherapy and acupuncture for hip dysplasia. She lived to be nearly 13 (or possibly older) and for most of that time was really healthy.

      I’d opt for raw fed every time, because I saw the most incredible transformation in 3 months, related to diet change. I do have a local, free range, organic butcher, where I can buy offals, pull, heart, chicken carcasses. I think toxicity is an important issue and it might be that if you can’t get toxic free meat and have a dog with toxicity issues than vegan might be the best you can do, but I wonder how free of toxins that is. Judy Morgan suggests that some dogs do better with cooked, though, and I’ve come across one person who says this is true for their dog.

      I think we need to be pragmatic, flexible and open minded. Thanks for the interesting discussion!

      • Will Falconer, DVM on December 29, 2020 at 11:40 pm

        Nice work with your GSD, Carly! I saw a lot of ADD behavior and mostly associated it with vaccination, but I’m sure the junk in highly processed food could contribute as well.

        A big AMEN to keeping flexible and open, especially on food, where strong opinions tend to be the norm! Thanks for bringing that out.

  5. Terri Sider on December 22, 2020 at 8:35 am

    That was very interesting. I never thought dogs could be vegetarian and be healthy. After listening to this podcast I am going to read more about this. I agree that most meat dogs and cats are fed are full of toxins, which cause all this inflammation and skin problems, as well as flea and tick and heart worm medications and multiple vaccines! It is extremely important that if someone does want to feed a vegetarian diet to their dog or cat that they learn how to do it properly so it is well-balanced and nutritious.

  6. Johanna on December 22, 2020 at 8:19 am

    Dr Falconer, I used to be able to skim through the transcripts for your podcasts but I don’t see them anymore- is there anywhere I can go to see them? It really helps when I’m pressed for time 🙂 Thanks for the fantastic info always!

    • Will Falconer, DVM on December 22, 2020 at 9:06 am

      They lag a bit, off to the editor now. Stay tuned, they appear when they’re well cooked.

  7. Lesley Dolby on December 22, 2020 at 7:22 am

    Thanks Dr. Falconer for having Dr. Minter on your podcast and for starting to be more open minded to this subject. As a longtime vegan, I am raising my German Shepherd puppy since 8 weeks old (now 10 months) totally vegan and he is very healthy and happy, has lots of energy, great poops, good skin and coat and loves his food. I raised my last two GSDs almost vegan (except for eggs) and they lived good long, healthy lives.

    I believe the argument most people have about dogs needing to eat like their ancestors in the wild is bogus. Dogs have been domesticated for over 10,000 years and have evolved to be able to eat what humans have fed them. In any case, the vast majority of the meat available to today’s consumer is way inferior to the meat they had in the wild. Todays’ livestock being fed hormones and antibiotics and living a stressful factory farmed life does not make for healthy meat.

    I find it ironic that most holistic vets who are adamant that dogs are carnivores and should eat a raw meat diet, no grains, legumes or soy etc and should definitely not be vegan are all vets who highly respect and promote Dr. Richard Pitcairn, who himself advocates a vegan diet for dogs. :- )

    For much of history in populated places, people were too poor to include meat as part of their regular diet and they would never have typically fed their dogs daily meat anyway, which was at that time generally reserved for the rich.

    Let’s not forget one of the longest living dogs in the world was Bramble the Border Collie in the UK, who lived 25 healthy years on a vegan diet of lentils, rice and vegetables.

    I would normally only recommend a vegan diet for any human or animal if you have a good knowledge of nutrition, know what you are doing and have the time to prepare a well balanced whole foods diet (which I do).